Chicago Root Canal Therapy

Root canal therapy (RCT) is warranted when nerve tissue of a tooth has experienced irreparable damage. In many cases, such damage is accompanied by severe pain and discoloration of the tooth structure. Fortunately, the tooth can often be saved by proper treatment that will ensure its stability, function and aesthetics. Your endodontist offers such treatment to all patients diagnosed with pulp inflammation.

Anatomy of the Tooth

Human dentition is classified into two distinct groups; anterior and posterior teeth. Anterior teeth are located in the front of the mouth and consist of central incisors, lateral incisors and canines, while posterior teeth are situated in the back of the mouth and encompass premolars and molars. The outermost layer of the tooth is called enamel. It is the hardest tissue in the body. Once it is completely formed, it ceases growing. Enamel is translucent, receiving its tint and color from the underlying dentin, which comprises the main part of the tooth. Dentin grows continuously throughout the life of a tooth. This growth can sometimes lead to calcification and a narrowing of the root canal, making RCT a challenge to perform. Dentin is composed of dentinal tubules responsible for transmitting pain stimuli and distribution of nutrients throughout the other tissues. The cementum is found under the dentin. It covers the roots in a thin layer and includes attachment fibers that anchor the tooth to the bone. The pulp is at the center of the tooth. The region where the pulp is located is divided into two areas. The first is called the pulp chamber, and it is located within the crown of the tooth. The second area is the pulp canal, which is positioned in the root of the tooth down to the apex.

The Procedure

Once it is determined that RCT is the proper course of treatment, the procedure begins with local anesthesia. The tooth is isolated by a dental dam to ensure a sterile working environment. A drill is used to create a small access opening to the pulp chamber. The infected nerve tissue is then removed with special instruments designed to clear the canal. During the procedure, the area is repeatedly disinfected with antibacterial solutions to ensure a sterile environment. The last step consists of filling the canals with thermo-plastic materials to prevent re-infection. A temporary seal is placed on top of the opening, and the patient is referred back to his family dentist for fabrication of a permanent restoration such as a porcelain crown. Your Chicago Root Canal Therapy Specialist will help you regain the function of your mouth and a beautiful smile for a lifetime.

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